**THE DESIGN ASPECTS OF THE NEWPORT TOWER.**

Having established, quite convincingly, that the Newport Tower is tied to local hills and solstice positions, in a deliberate surveying sense, by way of very recognisable, coded distances and angles, including a due North orientation onto Miantonomi Hill, we can begin to analyse the code-bearing design attributes of the tower itself.

**If the Newport Tower was built in pre-Columbian times,
then it undoubtedly acted as a mnemonic structure and repository of length,
breadth, height, circumference and angle codes, consistent with thousands
of geometric earth-embankment and mound-group complexes scattered across
ancient North America.**

So, why was there a need for thousands of code-bearing structures in North America, built from the dawn of the Bronze Age (circa 3000 BC and thereafter)?

Most Americans and others don't know that these "coded structures" even exist, let alone that they were set out according to well-known, ancient Mediterranean, Continental European and British Isles measurement and angle standards. Examples of such structures are, the Octagon geometric earth-mound complex of Newark, Ohio or the Cahokia mound group of Collinsville, Illinois, etc., etc.

The reason for building them was to preserve the scientific principles of astronomy and, especially, how astronomy related to navigation. The complexes were "open air universities" for teaching young student navigators the refined navigational arts on land, long before they were entrusted with a ship on the vast, featureless oceans.

From the Bronze Age, North America was the centre of huge transient traffic of ships transporting raw copper from the Great Lakes region, across the North Atlantic to the British Isles and further afield into the Mediterranean. Copper, mixed with about 10% tin and other alloys made bronze ... the most sought after commodity of that time and, often, more precious than gold. The European-Mediterranean Bronze Age was fuelled by North American copper.

To see how one of these ancient North American "open air
universities"
worked, see: **http://www.celticnz.co.nz/Cahokia/Cahokia1.htm**

To see how a similar ancient Orkney Island, Scotland "open
air university" worked, see: **http://www.celticnz.co.nz/Brodgar/Brodgar%201.htm **

**Archaeologists and other researchers have complained
about the difficulty in getting precise measurements of the Newport Tower,
because of its very rough internal and external surfaces or slightly elliptical
circumference. However, a concerted effort to measure the structure was undertaken
by architect, George C. Mason in 1878 and he provides a very close approximation
of its measurable ground to height features, scaled positions of windows & internal
recesses, as well as their size and shape, etc.**

Some have claimed that George C. Mason's measurements were not 100% accurate over the fullness of the tower (like omitting to indicate that the tower is slightly elliptical rather than perfectly round). However, his height measurements would have been relatively easy for a professional architect to make with accuracy and these can be analysed to see if they comply to common, coded measurements of antiquity that were no longer in known usage by the dawn of the American colonial period.

One hopes however, that the * "ground level"* George C. Mason chose
to measure from truly did represent the

In the following preliminary analysis, we'll just work from and consider the measurements he supplied. This exercise should, at least, demonstrate how a "coded structure" would work and, pending a far more accurate survey, or verification of Mason's measurements of 1878, what the intended, in-built codes might have been.

** ARE VERY "OLD-WORLD" CODES BUILT INTO THE DIMENSIONS
OF THE NEWPORT TOWER? **

**George C. Mason measured the overall height of the tower
to be 28', with drawn variations. He also noted that the ground to window
sill height for this quarter segment was 16' 2", which translates to 194".**

If the tower were pre-colonial in origin and built as a mnemonic
structure for teaching initiates the ancient methods of navigation and cyclic
astronomy, then this ground to sill height value would have been read as **194.4**",
for the following reasons:

With the ancient method of describing the equatorial circumference
of the Earth as 12 X 12 X 12 X 12 X 1.2-miles = 24883.2-miles, the sum of **194.4**-miles
would be 1/128th part. This is consistent with the normal method of dividing
up the compass into 1/2, 1/4, 1/8, 1/16, 1/32, 1/64 & 1/128 parts, etc.

The value 194.4 or 1944, etc., occurs constantly in ancient metrology. For example:

Under the ancient Greek capacity system for liquid volumes was
the ** Chous……194.40 cubic
inches.**

This height value on the Newport Tower would also equate to 16 & 3/5ths Roman feet (11.664" for a lunar foot and 11.66666" for an overland foot).

All of the ancient * Weights, Measures & Volume* standards
of a confederation of cousin civilisations and trading nations in the BC era
had to contain scientific or measurement information in each volume-capacity
or grain-weight, etc. All such standards related to such things as the equatorial
circumference of the Earth or the lunar cycle, etc.

Similarly, the slightly meandering height of the tower would
have been dual read as both **28**' (calendar and navigational progression) and
**28.35**' (lunar progression) for the following reasons:

The sum of 28', of course, accentuates the value **28**, which was
used to describe the duration, in days, for a solar month under the ancient
Sabbatical Calendar system, with 13 such months in a solar year (set at 364-days
under this system). The Calendar was allowed to run undisturbed for 7-years
before 9 intercalary days were inserted, during the Sabbatical Year festival,
to fully correct the calendar.

The sum of 28' equates to **336**".
The ancient Irish mile was 6720' (**3360'** X
2) and there would be 19440 Irish miles in the 24883.2 Greek mile (of 5250'
each) equatorial circumference. This is the literal navigational system built
into the base dimensions of the Great Pyramid of Egypt (756' per side or 3024'
for one complete perimeter circumnavigation).

On the Great Pyramid, two perimeter circumnavigations was 6048'
(**336**' X 18) for 1-minute of equatorial arc. In other words, 336' X 18 X 60
= 1-degree of arc ... X 360 = the full equatorial circumference of the world.

Put another way: This means there were 54 Irish miles (of 6720' each) in 1-degree of equatorial arc under the literal geodetic system built into the Great Pyramid's base perimeter length and that the sum of 1-minute of arc was 9/10ths of an Irish mile.

Note also: The ancient Alexandrian weight for a **Mina** was **672** grains.

Similarly:

The duration of lunar year is 354.375-days (354
& 3/8ths) and 8 lunar years = **2835**-days.

The Khafre Pyramid of Egypt (built as a pyramid of the moon)
is 708.75' per side (354.375' X 2), for a full perimeter measurement of **2835**'.

A mathematical progression, based upon **28.35** or
larger, whole-number, expressions will generate many of the essential numbers
for reading the cycles of the Moon, including the longest enduring cycle where
the Moon goes to Lunar Major Standstill (each 6804-days ... **283.5**-days X 24
or 19.2 lunar years).

**Mason gives a measurement of 12' 6" (150 ") from the
ground to the centre of a door arch and a measurement of 16' 6" (198")
to the sill of yet another window. He also shows the height to the top of a
support column to be 8' 8" or 104".**

In terms of feet, **150**' would be 1/35th of a Greek mile of 5250'.

Another very important, close proximity, coded measurement useful
in tutorials would have been **151.2**" (two side lengths of the Great Pyramid
were 1512' for 1/4th of 1-minute of equatorial arc).

But there was, as mentioned, a second navigational system built into the base dimensions of the Great Pyramid. By elongating one side a mere 3", one minute of arc became 6050' instead of 6048' and this alternative reading used (what became known as) the English mile of 5280' instead of the Greek mile of 5250'. Whereas the English mile was based upon progressions within the "11" number family, the Greek mile was based upon progressions of the "6&7" number families combined.

Under the 5280' mile navigational system, the equatorial circumference
of the Earth was considered to be 24750-miles or **150** X 165. It's worthy to
note that the ancient rod measurement was 16.5' and the ancient English league
was 16500' (3.125-miles).

The extended measurement Mason gives to the window sill produces
**198**".

In terms of English miles, the sum of **198**-miles would be 1/40th
of the diameter of the Earth (7920-miles) under the ancient reading that was
based upon factorable numbers. It would also be 1/125th of the 24750-mile equatorial
circumference.

Alternatively, the sum of **198**' would equate to 1/30th of an ancient
Scottish mile of 5940' (1920 ells of 37.125" each). The Scottish mile
was 1-furlong (660' or 10 chains) longer than the English mile.

Likewise, the sum of **198**' (3 chains of 66' each) would be 1/660000th
of the equatorial circumference under the 24750-mile reading.

Mason's measurement of 104" (rounded) to the top of a column was, undoubtedly, meant to convey or encode a very special number from the ancient parcel of scientific numbers shared by many cousin civilisations.

This was **103.68"** (103
& 17/25ths).

The ancient * Jerusalem Liquid Cab* volume
was

The length of 103.68" equates to 5 of the longest of the Egyptian Royal cubits identified by William Flinders Petrie @ 20.736" each, wherein he measured the coffer in the King's chamber of the Great Pyramid to be 103.68" (or 1.728'). This height reading at the Newport Tower is, therefore, 5 Egyptian Royal cubits or the length of the coffer.

Note: 20.736-miles = 1/1200th of the 24883.2-mile circumference.

The **103.68** value, or larger renditions of the same, is one of
the truly important numbers from the ancient parcel of scientific values, for
the following reasons:

With the Earth configured to be 12 X 12 X 12 X 12 X 1.2-miles in circumference, how fast is it spinning in miles per hour?

Therefore, 24883.2 ÷ 24-hours = **1036.8
MPH.**

So, this coded value also tells us that **1036.8**-miles
is 1/24th of the Earth's equatorial circumference, a very important piece of
scientific information to encode into a mnemonic structure for ongoing tutorials
to generations of initiates.