SOMETHING HAPPENED ON THE WAY TO BERWICK ST. JAMES
In July 2010 it was announced that a new site, dubbed Woodstonehenge, had been found by ground penetrating radar only a short distance to the NW of Stonehenge. Eamonn Baldwin, GIS and Surface Modeling Project Manager from the University of Birmingham, gives the precise centre of this site as: 51 10' 59.73" N 01 50' 15.38" W. He and his colleagues have also supplied scaled drawings of the site, sufficient that an AutoCAD representation can be created and placed into the Google Earth landscape. This is what it looks like:
The same line that dissects Berwick St. James Henge and resolves to the western edge of that site at 40000' from Durrington Walls centre, also cuts centrally though Woodstonehenge. The newly found site sits 12150' from the centre of Durrington Walls to the eastern quarter of Woodstonehenge and this distance encodes a very strong lunar number. The length would equate to 2.5 Roman (lunar) miles of 4860' each (12500 Roman feet or 2500 Roman Paces). Of course, when this complex was built, there weren't any Romans, as such, and wouldn't be for another two millenniums.
It's worthy to note that, although the Romans and others used an increment of 11.664"as a "foot" for lunar and volume calculations, their actual overland "foot" was simply 11.6666" (112/3rds)*. Their overland mile, therefore, was 5000 of these feet or 4861.11111 (48611/9th). Under a tradition that survived into mediaeval times in Europe, 75 Roman miles represented 1-degree of arc for the world (in yet another navigational system).
* Footnote: The Roman overland foot @ 11.66666" had similarities to the ancient foot of France, which was 1.0666666' or 12.8".
1. Whereas the 121.5-day count was highly important to calculations related to the lunar periods within the 6804-day lunar nutation cycle or the 7.2-lunar year period monitored within the lunisolar Sabbatical Calendar, the actual distance from Durrington Walls centre to the centre of this site is 12175' and carries a 121.75 code. This value, in days, would be 1/3rd of 365.25, the length of a solar year. The two values ran concurrently within the solar and lunar count of days within the Sabbatical Calendar and 121.75 value X 21 would give the solar total, whereas 121.5 X 21 would give the lunar.
The intended angle dissecting the site seems to have been set at 73.828125-degrees return to Durrington (7353/64ths) and the value of 7.3828125-days would be 1/4th of a lunar month to within a few seconds of time.
2. The new-found Woodstonehenge sits 10080' from Bluestonehenge, another newly found site beside the Avon River, at an azimuth angle of 295.3125-degrees from Bluestonehenge. The distance is 12/3rds minutes of equatorial arc according to the Great Pyramid's literal geodetic system or 1/1296th (36 X 36) of the circumference of the Earth. This distance also equates to 100 seconds of arc, 1.92 Greek miles, 9600 Greek feet or 960 Hebrew Reeds.
The angle is, of course, coding the value of 29.53125-days (2917/32nds), the length of the lunar month, but in this case in enlarged ratio (X 10).
3. The distance from the centre of Stonehenge into the central region of Woodstonehenge is 3062.5' and the return angle from this central section could be interpreted as 121.5 - 121.75-degrees respectively. As with the distance relationship to Durrington Walls Henge (12175'), the best-fix coded angle is 121.75 to a very small amount of error.
The distance aspect is navigational coding and twice the value of 3062.5 = 6125. It will be remembered that the angle from the centre of Stonehenge to the centre of Durrington Walls Henge is 61.25-degrees. The distance of 3062.5' equates to 3675 Roman feet. Under what became the "Roman" concept related to the equatorial size of the Earth, 75 Roman miles was 1-degree of arc. Therefore: 4861.111111 X 75 X 360 = 131250000 British standard feet or 135000000 Roman feet (125000000 Greek Feet or 25000 Greek miles). The doubled-distance (6125') of the length spanning between Stonehenge and Woodstonehenge would equate to 486.1111111111 Greek feet of 12.6" each.
Of course there weren't any Greeks for another 1500-years, so all of these values and conversion factors were purely British at this early epoch of history. The Sea Peoples of Britain and Atlantic seaboard of Europe became the Greeks when they (The Pelasgians) moved into the Mediterranean to become the first Athenians in about 1200 BC and they obviously took their measurement standards with them (as well as their goddess Athena-Blodeuwedd).
A wise old owl sat in an oak; The more he heard, the less he spoke; The less he spoke, the more he heard; Why aren't we all like that wise old bird?
A commentator says: 'Although these beautiful objects were found in Yorkshire (several hundred miles from Wessex) they are yet another remarkable example of the art of the late Neolithic and early Bronze Age. What is the significance of the owl-like face? Is this just another display of the artist's love of symmetry or does it represent an animal or some long forgotten deity?'
In European culture the owl has always been venerated as the keeper of wisdom and this tradition is traceable back to Athena, who, in Greek mythology, was the virgin goddess of arts, crafts, sciences and war strategy. The very wise Athena was represented as having large owl-like eyes and she wore a helmet bearing an owl symbol. The owl was a protected bird in ancient Greece and large numbers of them occupied the Acropolis. Two "capacity marked" earthenware vessels were found at the bottom of a well at the Acropolis. Of these, one was marked as a public standard Khous (194.4 cubic inches) and bore the official "owl" stamp of Athens, attesting to the integrity of its measure. The second item was an official water clock, marked as two Khous. In Greek mythology owls were the messengers of Hecate, goddess of witches and sacred to Persephone, goddess of prophecy.
According to the Welsh Mabinogi, the May Queen, Blodeuwedd, had formerly been human, but had been turned into an owl. In ancient New Zealand culture the owl, or Ruru, was the guardian of knowledge and a person nearing death would hear the owl call out his or her name when it was time to die. The same near death tradition is harbored by North American Indian tribes.
From the centre of Stonehenge to the outer NW extremity of Woodstonehenge the length was probably marked to convey a distance of 3110.4'. A distance of 3110.4-miles would be 1/8th of the 24883.2-mile equatorial circumference (the more common value used in positional plotting).
Southwest of Durrington Walls Henge is Coneybury Henge and its coded position, as well as dimensions, contain very important navigational tutorials, which are:
1. Using the horns of Herne the Hunter or Isis concept to contain a sun orb, one vector brushes the southeastern edge of Coneybury Henge @ 9112.5' at an angle of 226.8-degrees from Durrington Henge to this position.
The distance coding is, primarily, lunar and the value 91.125 (911/8th) sets up a mathematical progression that generates very useful lunar numbers. For example: The lunar period monitored within the lunisolar Sabbatical Calendar was 2551.5-days (7.2 lunar years) or 28 periods of 91.125-days (2187-hours). By consequence 1/4th the period of a solar year is the slightly enlarged value of 91.3125-days (915/16ths ... 2191.5-hours).
The angle code is also lunar. The Great Pyramid @ 756' per side = 2268' for 3 sides. Herodotus was told by Egyptian priests that the Great Pyramid was 800' long. This means a foot of 11.34" (half of 22.68'). Such an increment is very useful for measuring lunar periods. For example: The lunar nutation cycle of 6804-days is 30 periods of 226.8-days. The 2551.5-day lunar period monitored within the Sabbatical Calendar is 11.25 intervals of 226.8 days. This shows that the lunar period was being tracked very accurately within the confines of a 360-degree, calibrated circle.
The Station Stones rectangle at Stonehenge was intended to convey a design width of 113.4'.
2. An inner code would have been read as: 9112.5' distance at an angle of 47.25-degrees.
The value 47.25 is very dynamic lunar and navigational coding simultaneously and a mathematical progression, based upon this value, will reproduce the navigational system built into the Great Pyramid, as well as the lunar numbers built into the Khafre Pyramid (Egypt's Pyramid of the Moon). The length of the Great Pyramid is 47.25' X 16 (756' ... or 1/8th if 1-minute of equatorial arc) and the length of the Khafre Pyramid is 47.25' X 15 (708.75' ... the half value of which is 354.375', which, in days, is the duration of the lunar year). Under the 3,4,5 triangle method by which the Khafre Pyramid was built, the design height is 472.5'. The diagonal face slope length (590.625') is 12.5 X 47.25'.
There would be 144 intervals of 47.25-days (1134-hours) in the 6804-day lunar nutation cycle and 54 periods of 47.25-days in the 2551.5-days (7.2 lunar years) monitored within the Sabbatical Calendar count. The sum of 47.25' would be1/128th of 1-minute of equatorial arc under the 24883.2 Greek mile system of navigation.
3. Yet further in a code could be read as: 9216' at an angle of 47.52-degrees.
The 9216 value provides a dynamic navigational code and the sum of 9216-miles would be 1/27th of the 24883.2-mile equatorial circumference.
The new angle of 47.52-degrees is navigational also. Under the "11" system of navigation, which configured the world to be 24750-miles in circumference (130680000') the sum of 47520' (9 British miles of 5280') would be 1/2750th of the circumference. Remember: 2750 is half of 5500 and one of the increments in this "11" family of numbers was the ancient fathom of 5.5'.
4. There are, potentially, 3 centrally dissecting codes through the middle of the site, the first of which is 8910' at an angle of 48-degrees.
The 8910 value is particularly useful in navigational calculations
and tends to occur often within ancient site measurements or is naturally generated
within mathematical progressions. It seems certain that various calibrated discs
were anciently fabricated as mnemonic devices for remembering navigational or
lunar progressions and a disc of 891 calibrations around the outer perimeter
would have been particularly useful. There appears strongly to have been a measurement
of 2.475'* (29.4") in use amidst ancient metrology
systems and the "Y" Holes Circle at Stonehenge (178.2' diameter) equates
to 2.475' X 72. Likewise, a circle of 891' equates to 2.475 X 360. Remember,
the "11" navigational system configured the Earth to represent 24750-miles.
A disc of 891 calibrations would also work well with PI @ 22/7ths
to produce dynamic lunar codes in the diameter reading. Therefore: 891 ÷
3.142857143 = 283.5. The Khafre Pyramid @ 708.75' per side measured 2835' for
one full circumnavigation and the sum of 2835-days would be 8 lunar years.
The navigational principle of converting a Greek mile of travel into a British league of circumference applies here. Therefore 5250 X 22/7ths = 16500'. Alternatively, 283500' (54 Greek Miles) X 22/7ths = 891000 (54 British leagues).
This distance out from Durrington Walls Henge (8910') would equate to 540 rods / perches or 1620 ancient fathoms of 5.5' each. It would also equate to 135 chains or 13.5 furlongs / furrowlongs.
A thorough comparison of the very close proximity variations indicates that the / an original Scottish Mile was 5940' with an ell of 37.125". In such a case the 8910' distance would equate to 1.5 ancient Scottish miles or 2880 ells. There would be 1920 ells in the ancient Scottish mile and 8 ells would equal 24.75'. The ancient Scottish mile was larger than the English mile by a ratio of 1: 1.125, which equated to an additional distance of exactly 1 furlong / furrowlong (660'). By consequence, the ancient Scottish furlong was 742.5'.
The enlarged Scottish mile would have been very useful in circle geometry, for achieving perfect circumferences, based upon diameters that were set out in minutes of arc under the Great Pyramid's literal standard. For example: a straight-line distance of 1-minute of arc of travel (6048') would convert to a circumference of exactly 19008' (using PI @ 22/7ths). This circumference equates to 3.2 Scottish miles and, of course, the compass was always divided up into 320 parts concurrently to being read in 360-degrees. The same circumference (19008') also equates to 3.6 British Standard miles of 5280'.
The ancient Irish mile was even larger @ 2240 yards or 6720'
and, again, was very useful in navigation. The value of 6720'
for their mile meant that 54 Irish miles equated to 1-degree of arc for the
world (362880') according to the Great Pyramid's literal standard. It also meant
that the Earth's equatorial circumference was 19440
A leg of straight line travel of 6720' would generate a circle with a circumference of 21120' (using PI @ 22/7ths). This equates to exactly 4 British miles of 5280' each.
We can see from this exercise that the English, Scots and Irish had a "shared" system for manipulating navigational numbers (converting linear distances into circumferences for generating very precise degree angle back to the point of departure or onwards to the destination ... positional plotting at sea). Vestiges of the overall system have survived in each country, sufficient to assign an aspect of the whole to that region, but in essence the situation is no different to our finding both Greek & Roman measurements in the English Neolithic Age landscapes, dating to 1500-2000 years before those civilisations appeared.
A circle with a circumference of 5280' would be divided into both 360-degrees and 320 segments simultaneously. In far more refined calibrations, 1/6400th of a mile-around circle would be 9.9" and 3 such segments would be 29.7" or 2.475' (half of 59.4").
*Footnote: In a 360-degree circle there are primary (quarter segments) and secondary (eighth segments), etc. The sum of 247.5-degrees is an expression of dividing up the circle into sixteenth parts and 247.5-degrees would designate the position of West-South-West. The most used compass angles are:
0 (N), 22.5 (NNE), 45 (NE), 67.5 (ENE), 90 (E), 112.5 (ESE), 135 (SE), 157.5 (SSE), 180 (S), 202.5 (SSW), 225 (SW), 247.5 (WSW), 270 (W), 292.5 (WNW), 315 (NW), 337.5 (NNW), 360 (N).
We must remember that these British sites, extending from Southern England to Scotland or Ireland, were major centres of learning for the "Sea Peoples" (the Pelasgians) who ranged far afield in their ships and needed an intricate mathematical knowledge of circle geometry for positional plotting and dead-reckoning at sea.
ROMAN DRY MEASURE.
cubic inches equals:
3 Modius………633.6 cubic inches, or
32 Choenix…….59.4 cubic inches, or
48 Sextarius……39.6 cubic inches, or
96 Hemina……...19.8 cubic inches.
1 Metretes…2332.8 cubic inches equals:
12 Chous…..194.4 cubic inches, or
144 Cotyle…16.2 cubic inches, or
576 Oxybaphhon…4.05 cubic inches, or
864 Cyathus…2.70 cubic inches.
1 Talent…….403200.0 grains equals:
60 Mina…….6720.0 grains, or
80 Libra…….5040.0 grains, or
960 Uncia…..420 grains.
It can be seen from tables of traditional "Weights & Measures" that these values for the Scottish & Irish "miles", or their conversions back & forth in circle geometry using PI @ 22/7ths, is perfectly consistent with known metrology systems used in the Mediterranean a couple of thousand years after the Neolithic Age and earlier. All of the standards used by the cousin nations had to preserve the special factorable values used in navigation or cyclic astronomy from remote antiquity, as these were the numbers which ensured the continuance of "civilisation".
The angle of 48-degrees is dynamic and very important to ancient metrology. The symbolic height of the Great Pyramid (the position above the flat floor where lines coming up the face would intersect at a common point) was coded to represent 480'. The literal height up to the flat floor altar (truncated pyramid) was 453.6'.
4b. The epicentre of the site produces: 9112.5' and the angle remains 48-degrees.
This distance is 1.875 Roman miles of 4860' each or 1875 Roman Paces (set into the English landscape 2000-years before there were any Romans).
4c. The terminal point of the site is 9331.2' from Durrington Walls Henge and the angle remains 48-degrees.
The value 93312 is one of the most dynamic of antiquity and the
Babylonian-Sumerian Royal Double Standard Talent of weight
was 933120 grains. The way the number works relates to the equatorial circumference
of the Earth in accordance with the literal system encoded into the Great Pyramid's
base perimeter dimensions. Therefore: The sum of 12 X 12 X 12 X 12 X 1.2 = 24883.2
Greek miles of equatorial circumference or 130636800', of which the sum of 93312'
would constitute 1/1400th part.
The value used in the Babylonian-Sumerian Royal Double Talent (933120) if used as standard "feet" of 12" each would equate to 192 Roman "lunar" miles of 4680' each. This distance at Salisbury Plains (9331.2') would therefore be 9600 Roman lunar feet of 11.664-inches each, 1920 Roman Paces, or 1.92 Roman miles.
BABYLONIAN-SUMERIAN ROYAL DOUBLE STANDARD.
60 Mina…….. @ 15552 grains, or:
3600 Shekel… @ 259.2 grains.
ROMAN FOOT DIVISIONS.
1 Stadia……..7290.0 inches equals:
1250 Pace…..58.32 inches.
Cubit… 24 Digit…17.496 inches.
Foot… 16 Digit…11.664 inches.
Palm… 4 Digit…. 2.916 inches.
Digit… 1 Digit…. .729 inches.
cubic inches, equals:
10 Beshu…..1166.40 cubic inches, or
100 Honnu…116.64 cubic inches, or
400 Hon……29.16 cubic inches.
The true, practical, overland "foot" of the Romans was the far more simplified value of 11.666666" (112/3rds) for a pace of 58.333333" (5 Roman feet) and a mile of 4861.1111111'. Concurrent to the existence of the value of 93312, there would have been another of 93333.3333.
5. The distance is 9216' and the angle is 48.21428571 (483/14ths).
The sum of 9216' equates to 11.52' X 800 and the 11.52 mathematical
progression was highly important to calculations related to the 24883.2-mile
equatorial circumference. The Sarsen Circle Lintels at Stonehenge average 11.52'
of length on their outer face or 138.24". There would be 138.24-miles X
180 in the 24883.2-mile circumnavigation of the Earth.
The sum of 921.6-miles X 3 X 3 X 3 = 24883.2. In other words, the sum of 921.6-miles is 1/27th of the equatorial circumference.
A mathematical progression, based upon 48.21428571 (483/14ths) will produce highly significant lunar and navigational values at each 7th interval of the progression.
6. The length remains 9216' and the angle swings marginally to 48.6-degrees.
The value 486 was highly important to ancient mathematicians for lunar cycle and navigational calculations and a mathematical progression based upon this value will generated essential numbers to describe these ancient sciences. First glint of the Sun on the day of the Summer Solstice, as observed from the centre of Stonehenge, occurs at 48.6-degrees azimuth. The Druidic lunisolar Calendar of Coligny artefact (a sophisticated parapegma brass plaque calculator of solar & lunar periods) found smashed and buried in Ain, France (1897), measures 4.86' (58.32") or 1 Roman pace (5 Roman feet) in length. Ancient Druidic priests of Gaul, who fashioned the bronze plaque Calendar of Coligny could calculate the two concurrently running cycles of the lunisolar calendar in increments of 5.25-days (using a calibrated ½ reed rod of 5.25 feet?). Under this system there were 486 periods of 5.25-days in the 2551.5-days of 7.2 lunar years. There were also 487 periods of 5.25-days in 7-solar years. The Calendar of Coligny plaque was 4.86 feet in length…for a combined top and bottom length total of 116.64-inches.
7. The opposite horn of Herne the Hunter or Isis brushes the northwestern edge of the henge orb @ 9112.5' at a return angle back to the centre of Durrington Walls Henge of 229.166666-degrees.
The angle of 229.166666 (2291/6th) relates to navigation and the sum of 22.9166666-miles (2211/12ths or 121000') would be 1/3rd of the 68.75-mile distance that constituted 1-degree of equatorial arc for a world that was 24750-miles in circumference.
There was an ancient French / Gallic measurement called "Lieue de 25 au degré", which shows that the French used the value 24883.2 X 5280-miles for the true equatorial circumference of the Earth, just like other ancient nations. Their "Lieue de 25 au degré" translates to "distance of 1/25th of 1-degree" (of equatorial arc) and is given as 2.764-miles or 2282 toise (a drifted toise or fathom was later calculated to have been 6.394'). Inasmuch as it was originally 6 French feet, the true value was 1.0666666' X 6 or 6.4'. The true "Lieue de 25 au degré" measurement was probably meant to be 2.7648-miles or 1/25th of 69.12-miles. This specialised measurement was used in functions related to the sea and voyaging.