THE ORIENTEERING TUTORIALS OFFERED ON THE SHAFT HOLE'S PATH.

We will assume that the the semi-circuit of shafts is at least relatively complete from south to west to north and that the archaeologists have located pretty-much all the large diameter shafts that were anciently built for those sectors.

Thumb-nail markers show where each of the 20 shafts are located on the Durrington Walls landscape. Added to that, another overlayed map provided the accurate positions of the two pond or pit positions of the Greater Cursus These are yet more structures for which no officially-released coordinates are available on the Internet.

The lower of the two pictures was taken into Google Earth as a transparency overlay and carefully manipulated to fit the many map features and make them coincide precisely with the Google Earth landscape. The coordinates of the pond-pits at the west and east ends of the Cursus were then identified.

Cursus West: 51 11 16.35 N 1 48 32.22 W

Cursus East: 51 11 09.21 N 1 50 15.06 W

Because the academic community will not release all of the coordinates to researchers, despite several requests sent to the pertinent universities involved, we have little recourse but to extract them ourselves and there might, thereby, be very small amounts of drift of a few feet off the centres provided in the maps. However, the accuracy achieved should be sufficient to recognise the distance and angle numbers the ancient architects and tutors wished to encode into each shaft position.

Inasmuch as our leading-lights maintain an eternal defeatist attitude about the purpose of the shafts, Stonehenge or a myriad of other structures of the Megalithic Age, in openly stating: * 'We will never know what these were built for*', they surely won't mind independent researchers taking a punt, dabble or stab at it.

Because the Durrington Walls outlier shaft diameters achieved up to 15-metres (50-feet) of width, close proximity distances like 1050-feet or 1056-feet could be accommodated as * "ace-in-the-hole"* hits between shafts. Likewise, degree angle codes like 75 or 75.6-degrees might resolve within the same relatively spacious dimensions, from source to target shafts, as there was sufficient leeway provided to place slightly variable vectors of distance and angle.

The purpose of the path between shafts was, undoubtedly, to teach groupings of close proximity length or angle codes at each station along the way. These special scientific numbers and their meanings then had to be memorised by grueling rote & repetition (comparable to the times-tables from hell).

DURRINGTON CENTRE TO 1A

So, here's the theoretical scenario for commencement of the trail-blazing orienteering exercise:

The students congregate at the centre of Durrington Walls and are assigned to navigate themselves 3600-feet SSE on an angle of 156.25-degrees. Their objective is shaft 1A. They take a reading on due north, then set their 360-degree calibrated disk to comply. They then swivel their alidade sighting rule onto 156.25-degrees and head off in that direction to their target destination. They can continue to use the centre obelisk of the henge for orientation, as well as other known landmark trigs around the skyline for triangulation fixes.

REVEALING THE ANCIENT NUMBERS USED TO DESRIBE THE EQUATORIAL CIRCUMFERENCE OF THE EARTH

Upon arrival at their first objective the tutor expounds upon the merits of the number 3600 and also the degree angle code of 156.25, revealing their special meaning within the parcel of scientific numbers.

The distance can also be read as the close proximity numbers, 3628.8', 3645', or 3652.5', respectively.

A tutorial about a close proximity angle back to the henge centre of 336-degrees (as opposed to 156.25 + 180 = 336.25) could also be elaborated upon.

Here is the mathematical progression for the distance reading (3600-feet ... reduced to 36) in this first tutorial and we'll touch upon the merits of only a few of them:

36, 72, 108, 144, 180, 216, 252, 288, 324, 360, 396, 432, 468, 504, 540, 576, 612, 648, 684, 720, 756, 792, 828, 864, 900, 972, 1008 ... 1152 ... 1296 ... 1620 ... 1728 ... 1944 ... 2016 ... 2268 ... 3456 ... 25920 ... etc.

This string contained navigational numbers of great importance, like the length of the Great Pyramid (756-feet), which is 1/8th of 1-minute of equatorial arc of the world's circumference. Also in the lineup is 1008 and the sum of 100.8' was 1-second of equatorial arc. That same value was found at Stonehenge, where one cross measure of the Sarsen Circle, inner-lintel-to-inner-lintel, was 100.8-feet. The 90-degrees opposed cross measure, inner-lintel-to-inner-lintel, was 100-feet, which produced the circumference value of PI X 100 or 314.16-feet.

Many ancient stone circles of Britain were very slightly oval to achieve slightly different, 90-degrees opposed cross measures and thereby produce two diameter codes from the same circle.

Also at Stonehenge, the lengths of each horizontal lying lintel was 11.52-feet and there were 30 lintels, producing a circumference of 345.6-feet. The ancient reading for the equatorial circumference of the Earth was 12 X 12 X 12 X 12 X 1.2-miles or 24883.2-miles, of which 345.6-miles is 1/72nd segment or 1/2 of 1-degree of equatorial arc.

Also in the lineup is 25920 and the Precession of the Equinoxes, a long enduring wobble in the Earth, takes 25920-years to complete one circuit (360 X 72-years). The distance from the centre of Stonehenge to the outer face of the Heel Stone is 259.2-feet.

Also in the lineup the value of 216 is highlighted and, during the Precession of the Equinoxes, the sun spends 2160-years in each house of the zodiac. The sum of 2160 cubic inches was the capacity of the ancient British Standard Bushel volume, which eventually drifted to a slightly different reading, after more modern mathematicians forgot the exact formula by which bushel tubs for the marketplace were fabricated.

Anciently, amongst all the cousin civilisations of Britain, Continental Europe and the Mediterranean, all standard volume capacities or grain weight's standards had to encode a special scientific number in cubic inches or counts of grains.

THE EGYPTIAN CONNECTION

There is a large body of evidence, lately supported by advances in genetic science, that the people of Europe migrated from the increasingly arid shores of the Southern Mediterranean and Egypt into the verdant new lands of Europe, starting in about 5000 BC. The ice-age glaciers had receded and vast forests, teeming with life, stood in their stead on vast arable lands. Rivers, lakes and sea coasts provided abundant food resources. See: https://www.independent.co.uk/news/science/archaeology/ancient-egyptians-europeans-related-claims-a7763866.html

Early Irish traditions, as well as those of other groups throughout the British Isles, speak of former residence for their people in Egypt and its Mediterranean satellite countries, from whence bagpipes, harps, kilts, language roots, cultural symbolism and even the venerable oak-tree or the Stone of Scone (upon which generations of Irish, Scottish and English monarchs received their coronations) have their origins. In support of these longterm oral and written traditions, leading physical anthropologist, Professor C. S. Coon of Harvard University, wrote in 1939:

**"A true and valid similarity, however, may be found between the English Long Barrow series and early skulls from al'Urbaid in Sumeria, which, whether belonging to the fourth or third millennium B.C., are in either case older than their British counterparts. The only difference which prevents identity is that the Mesopotamian faces and noses are somewhat longer"** **(p. 112 of Races of Europe, Macmillan, New York, 1939).**

On page 83 he wrote: **"It can be shown that Sumerians who lived over 5000 years ago in Mesopotamia are almost identical in skull and face form with living Englishmen and that pre-dynastic Egyptian skulls can be matched both in a seventeenth century London plague pit and in Neolithic cist graves in Switzerland."**

The "waymark trails" of this ancient exodus from Egypt and Israel, marked by standing stones, cairns, dolmens, mounds and stone circles, extends along the top of North Africa to the Pillars of Hercules, where the ancient migrants crossed the narrow Mediterranean straits to Gibraltar. The waymark trails further extend along the Atlantic coast to France and Scandinavia in the north and towards the British Isles to the west. Other trails, marked in similar fashion, extend to China and Korea** (See: Palestine, by Major C. R. Condor, R. E. Phillip & Son, 1889 pp. 142-157; See also: Across The Jordan, by Gottlieb Schumacher, Richard Bently & Son, 1886).**

The notion that the pyramids of Egypt were built in circa 2600 BC is of course ridiculous, as evidenced by such things as the vertical water erosion channels of the Sphinx.

This was pointed out in the 1990s by American researcher John Anthony West and further verified by Dr Robert Schoch and a host of geologists, much to the chagrin of establishment archaeologists. The erosion channels could only have occurred well prior to 10,000 BC when Egypt was very wet savannah country. The overwhelming evidence suggests that the Great Pyramid was built contemporaneously to the Sphinx and could be 15 to 20 thousand years old.

It seems apparent that the Giza Plateau and its edifices was an ancient * Bureau of Standards* and there will be quite a bit of reference back to the pyramids of Egypt and their dimensions as this article proceeds.

A mathematical progression based upon 156.25 produces the following string:

156.25, 312.5, 468.75, 625, 781.25, 937.5, 1093.75, 1250, 1406.25, 1562.5, 1718.75, 1875, 2031.25, 2187.5, 2343.75, 2500 ... 2812.5 ... 3437.5 ... 3750 ... 4375 ... 5156.25 ... 5625 ... 6250 ... 6875 ... 11250 ...20625.

The Egyptians had 3 Royal cubits, one @ 20.618-inches (Turin Museum collection), another @ 20.625-inches (found by Petrie) and a third @ 20.736-inches (found on the paving slab dimensions of the Great Pyramid).

The above progression relates to measurements of the Earth's equatorial circumference using the 20.625-inch cubit. The existence of this Royal Cubit is confirmed by the careful measurements of Sir William Flinders Petrie in the King's Chamber of the Great Pyramid. Petrie concluded that the room was built according to a cubit of 20.620 inches, plus or minus .005 of an inch. The upper scale of his estimate is, therefore, 20.625 inches **(see The Pyramids and Temples of Gizeh, by Sir William Flinders Petrie).**

These cubits, which were shared by other cousin civilisations, were not used for construction in the sense of a builder's rule, as each marked segment or calibration found on them was different in length to every other. These cubits were mnemonic devices bearing codes set out in inches or fractions thereof, from the lower left corner and along the base to an inwards segment line. The first segment gives the PHI ratio (1.6180339" to 1); measuring from the left-hand corner to the 2nd segment gives PI (3.1416" to 1) and so forth.

The overall length of each of the 3 cubits is for mnemonic reference to the size of the Earth and the formula is, for the largest one, 20.376 X 1200 = 24883.2; the midrange one 20.625 X 1200 = 24750 and the shortest one (20.61818182 actual... 20 & 34/55ths) X 1200 = 24741 & 8/11ths.

The final figure arrived at in each case had to be read as "miles" of 5280-feet ("11" number family) ... which became the English mile or a "mile" of 5250-feet (the 6&7 number families combined) ... which much later became the Greek mile).

Each cubit represented a different navigational system in ancient usage. The first gave an equatorial circumference reading of 24883.2-miles (of 5280-feet); the second gave a reading of 24750-miles (of 5280-feet) and the 3rd gave a reading of 24741.1818-miles (of 5280-feet, which is also exactly 24883.2 Greek miles of 5250-feet).

Under the 20.625-inch navigational system, the equatorial circumference generated was 24750-miles of 5280-feet each or 130680000-feet. This equated to 76032000 Royal Cubits of 20.625-inches.

The above mathematical progression, based upon 156.25, provides fractions when reading the Earth's circumference as 24750-miles of 5280-feet. Thus 24750 ÷ 156.25 = 158.4-miles.

When distances are read according to the 20.625-inch cubits, they can be converted back to 5280-feet fractions, thus 20625-feet ÷ 156.25 = 132-feet or 1/40th of a mile. There would be 3072 Royal Cubits of 20.625-inches in a mile of 5280-feet.

Interestingly, the length of Noah's Ark was said to be 300 cubits and, if this "11" family of numbers based cubit was used, that would equate to 515.625'. If this value was read as 515.625 miles, it would equate to 1/48th of the 24750-mile equatorial reading.