A wise old owl sat in an oak; The more he heard, the less he spoke; The less he spoke, the more he heard; Why aren't we all like that wise old bird?

In European culture the owl has always been venerated as the keeper of wisdom and this tradition is traceable back to Athena, who, in Greek mythology, was the virgin goddess of arts, crafts, sciences and war strategy. The very wise Athena was represented as having large owl-like eyes and she wore a helmet bearing an owl symbol. The owl was a protected bird in ancient Greece and large numbers of them occupied the Acropolis. Two "capacity marked" earthenware vessels were found at the bottom of a well at the Acropolis. Of these, one was marked as a public standard Khous (194.4 cubic inches) and bore the official "owl" stamp of Athens, attesting to the integrity of its measure. The second item was an official water clock, marked as two Khous. In Greek mythology owls were the messengers of Hecate, goddess of witches and sacred to Persephone, goddess of prophecy.

According to the Welsh Mabinogi, the May Queen, Blodeuwedd, had formerly been human, but had been turned into an owl. In ancient New Zealand culture the owl, or Ruru, was the guardian of knowledge and a person nearing death would hear the owl call out his or her name when it was time to die. The same near death tradition is harbored by North American Indian tribes.

We will now proceed with introducing more "owl eyes" circle geometry into the Clandon Barrow Lozenge, but, in an act of mercy on the reader, will dispense with lengthy explanations related to the scientific meaning behind each circle code...only identify the likeliest coded value occurring at each station point. All circles shown have been precisely sized in AutoCAD, in British Standard inches, to the coded values listed.

Circle geometry occurring on the left side of the lozenge. Here are the abbreviated codes in inch radii:

Researchers are encouraged to study these pictures and observe the precision with which the circle geometry relates, specifically, to the exterior edges of the Clandon Barrow Lozenge, as well as inner points and lozenge edges. Each circle shown in the above picture has been sized in AutoCAD to the following inch radii:

The old owl awakened anew...While the owl slept its reputation was much maligned and its profound wisdom brought into question and dispute... The old sage is now wide eyed, alert, hungry and ready to wreak havoc amongst the scurrying, vermin.

The result of combining all of the circle geometry identified and restored thus far. There are yet many more stations and fulcrum positions from which coded circles expand and it is not within the scope of this article to identify them all. Suffice it to say the artisan (s) who fabricated the Clandon and Bush Barrow memory devices was a very adept scientist, in possession of profound knowledge that was already steeped in age long before the lozenges were made. That selfsame knowledge is of unknown origin. It is still readily extractable from ancient structures on many continents by using a measurement increment that has come to be known as the British Standard inch. The profound, age-old knowledge seems to have been carried to France and Britain from former homelands around the Eastern base of the Mediterranean. One of the first acts of those emigrating to Europe from the Near East was to build the great stone library of codes at Carnac (Le Ménec), where 1100 menhirs were placed in rows, with end circles. The "out of Egypt" codes are preserved there to this very day in the positions of each menhir, as viewed from resolving, hubstone positions at each end of the "knee" or hubstones within the end circles.

The scientific principles encoded into these lozenges was once shared and held sacred by the great civilisations of the Mediterranean and Europe. Devices such as this were carried in an ephod vest by Israelite priests, who called them "Urim & Thummin" (light and perfection). For several thousand years the expansive parcel of special knowledge was carefully preserved and handed on intact to each ensuing generation. It was, most certainly, alive and well in Britain by the time the ever persistent Roman armies finally gained a foothold there, after 100 years of trying. Once the Romans had, somewhat, consolidated their power base the infrastructure of Britain was assailed and the Druidic priests slaughtered at Anglesey. With the decline and fall of Rome, centuries later, came the rise of the Roman church. Under Augustine (circa 587-604 AD), England was proslyted and, once the church had influence over the monarchs and had consolidated its power, an assault on the already much decimated Pagan sciences began afresh.
"Gregory, prompted by divine inspiration, sent a servant of God named Augustine and several more God-fearing monks with him to preach the word of God to the English race. In obedience to the pope's commands, they undertook this task" (Bede).

Under Pope Gregory, Catholic churches were built on top of numerous standing stone circle sites to smother and eradicate the deep science that reposed within the measurable, coded positions of the stone components. Secret organisations and ancient guild networks did all that they could to preserve what was left of the fragmented knowledge. Sadly, an age of great enlightenment was systematically supplanted by one of superstition, cruelty, exploitation and pig ignorance...the legacy of which persists to this day in the way our entire western society functions and conducts its business. Our age-old inheritance was stolen off us by power mongers using trickery, treachery, lies, deception and force. What was once deep astronomical/ navigational science, used for the betterment and optimisation of all society, was slandered into the realm of "devil worship" by the conniving, self aggrandizing and brutal, church patriarchy.


As an example of just how much knowledge is left to extract from the Clandon Barrow Lozenge, let's analyse the codes that repose within the innermost diamond:

Instead of sending the circles to outer points, this time they are sent to subsequent inward points through the central diamond. Here are the apparent codes. Each circle shown complies to the inch radii values listed:

Again, these circle swirl inward across the station points of the inner diamond. Listed below are the precise sizes of the circles shown, in inch radii, all of which were very important numbers from the ancient parcel of coded values:

The dual sets of coded circles extending inward through the length of the inner diamond. The code extraction process could be extended further through the 5 sets of lozenge stations further the outer extremity points. This will give the reader some appreciation of the amount of dormant scientific information yet to be identified.


The stumbling block for archaeologists and historians analysing artefacts, such as the Clandon Barrow and Bush Barrow lozenges, lies in the ingrained belief that ancient cultures were not particularly advanced in their sciences. The prevailing conclusion of our academics is that there was no universally shared measurement standard and that lengths used in building work were, for the most part, roughly "paced out", or determined by the distance from the "elbow to the tips of the fingers", etc. Our historians hold to the view that it was commonly believed, in antiquity, the Earth was flat and, certainly, there was no science available to determine just how big it truly was, at least not until the time of Eratosthenes. Our historians tell us that the oceans were great barriers, which isolated continents and civilisations from each other, forcing cultures to develop separately, with little or no hope of contact or the sharing of scientific and cultural ideas. Even the puny little strip of water known as the English Channel represented a reasonably significant barrier to Mediterranean influences reaching Britain easily... we're told.

The very ancient Sumerian/ Babylonian degree angle system of 360-degrees in a circle, breaking down sexagesimally into minutes and seconds of arc, or their chronology system of 24 hours in a day, breaking down sexagesimally into minutes and seconds of time, have been used in Britain since very ancient times. Despite this we're led to believe that the people of Britain didn't inherit the Sumerian/ Babylonian measurement standard. A measurement standard of length must always precede the more difficult metrology sciences related to degree angle or chronology systems.

Precise assessments of lengths, angles, volumes and proportions within ancient Mediterranean and European structures or artefacts shows us, definitively, that there was a shared "inch" common to all of the ancient civilisations of the European / Mediterranean region. The existence of that "inch" becomes indisputable when one analyses the 3-dimensional volumes within ancient liquid or dry measure vessels of the Mediterranean. The selfsame inch, which became known as the British Standard inch, was certainly used in the fabrication of the Clandon Barrow and Bush Barrow lozenges. All of the official "standards" for length, volume, area or weight, used within the ancient Mediterranean, are a part of the same mathematical family. All are based upon the selfsame inch. The standards of length, volume, area or "grain" weight, used by the great civilisations of the region, were all in a perfect ratio to each other. If our scientists could surmount just one mental obstacle, related to the existence of the commonly shared "inch", then profound science, reposing in the great stone sites across Europe, or the massive edifices of the Mediterranean, Near East & Middle East, could be decoded and their in-built principles restored to world knowledge.

See: Weights, Measures , Volumes: